Economic Impacts of Technology-Based Environmental Regulations
Gnarly Tree Sustainability Institute Senior Consultant Emily Giovanni has led or assisted in several analyses of the economic impacts of technology-based environmental regulations, including analyses for the federal government. For example, she led a team that provided support to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in conducting an industry-level economic study for the purpose of developing effluent limitations guidelines and standards (ELGs). She led all economic and financial analysis work, including the development of an economic and financial questionnaire instrument that EPA distributed to select facilities. She also supervised and assisted in the development of a unique economic and financial analysis model that imported, validated, and utilized the questionnaire response data to conduct an economic and financial analysis of the sample facilities and extrapolate to the entire nationwide industry. The model evaluated the baseline status of the facilities and the industry, as well as the impacts and cost-effectiveness of a variety of regulatory options. She has also designed economic analyses of regulations that may impact industries characterized primarily by small businesses.